Jul 13, 2015 12:25 AM
Greece talks drag beyond deadline amid warnings of euro exit
The Associated Press
BRUSSELS (AP) Talks between Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and distrustful European leaders dragged past a self-imposed weekend deadline and beyond dawn Monday without an agreement that would give the Greek leader a rescue package to prevent his banks from collapsing.
If the talks don't succeed, some eurozone leaders have warned that Greece could be temporarily forced out of the euro, the European single currency that the country has been a part of since 2002. No country has ever left the joint currency, which launched in 1999, and there is no mechanism in place for one to do so.
Going into a third straight day of negotiations between Greece and its international creditors, Tsipras continued to hold out for a better deal to sell to his reluctant legislature in Athens this week, even though financial collapse is getting closer by the day.
Splits emerged among the nations sharing the euro as well, with German Chancellor Angela Merkel demanding tough conditions before releasing aid to Greece while French President Francois Hollande prioritized unity among the nations that use the euro.
It wasn't entirely clear what a temporary exit from the euro would entail, but the threat of expulsion put intense pressure on Tsipras to swallow politically unpalatable austerity measures because his people overwhelmingly want to stay in the eurozone.
Greece has requested a three-year, 53.5 billion-euro ($59.5 billion) financial package, but that number grew larger by the tens of billions as the negotiations dragged on and the leaders calculated how much Greece will need to stay solvent. The creditors are demanding tough austerity measures in exchange for Greece's third bailout in five years.
Several officials, all of whom spoke on condition of anonymity because they weren't authorized to discuss the negotiations while they were ongoing, said there were still wide differences among the 19 leaders of the eurozone countries on the terms of the austerity package and the timing of its implementation.
Early Monday, a Greek official said the key sticking points were the involvement of the International Monetary Fund in Greece's bailout program and a proposal that Greece set aside 50 billion euros ($56 billion) worth of state-owned assets in a fund for eventual privatization.
The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he wasn't authorized to discuss the negotiations, said any agreement would provide quick help for Greek banks from the European Central Bank. Without it, they risk running out of money this week.
The negotiations began Saturday with a meeting of finance ministers. The heads of state convened mid-afternoon Sunday and were still negotiating at dawn Monday.
The deal on the table appeared to include commitments from Tsipras to push a drastic austerity program including pension, market and privatization reforms through parliament by Wednesday, and from the 18 other eurozone leaders to start talks on a new bailout program.
Sunday's four-page discussion paper put to eurozone leaders and obtained by The Associated Press spoke of a potential "time-out from the euro area" for Greece if no agreement could be found.
It highlighted the increasing frustration of European leaders during five months of fruitless talks with Greece.
"The most important currency has been lost: that is trust and reliability," Merkel said.
Tsipras insisted his government was ready to clinch a deal.
"We owe that to the peoples of Europe who want Europe united and not divided," he said. "We can reach an agreement tonight if all parties want it."
Hollande insisted it was vital to keep Greece in the euro and said in the event of a departure, "it's Europe that would go backward. And that I do not want."
Greece has received two previous bailouts, totaling 240 billion euros ($268 billion), in return for deep spending cuts, tax increases and reforms from successive governments. Although the country's annual budget deficit has come down dramatically, Greece's debt burden has increased as the economy has shrunk by a quarter.
The Greek government has made getting some form of debt relief a priority and hopes that a comprehensive solution will involve European creditors at least agreeing to delayed repayments or lower interest rates.
Greek debt stands at around 320 billion euros ($357 billion) a staggering 180 percent or so of the country's annual gross domestic product. Few economists think that debt will ever be fully repaid. Last week, the International Monetary Fund said Greece's debt will need to be restructured.
Menelaos Hadjicostis and John-Thor Dahlburg in Brussels contributed to this story.