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Oct 16, 2014 8:43 AM

Ebola comes to last safe district in Sierra Leone

The Associated Press

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone (AP) The deadly Ebola virus has infected two people in what was the last untouched district in Sierra Leone, the government said Thursday, a setback in efforts to stop the spread of the disease in one of the hardest-hit countries.

The Emergency Operations Center in its report covering Wednesday announced the two Ebola cases in the Koinadugu district, in Sierra Leone's far north, which had taken aggressive measures to keep the virus out of its mountainous territory since the outbreak early this year.

"It was the only place we are counting on where you can go and breathe a sigh of relief and to know that now in the whole country no district is safe, is heartrending," said John Caulker, the executive director of the nonprofit Fambul Tok, a group that worked on keeping Ebola out of the district.

"Now we will increase our activities in the district and take the necessary measures to make sure the area is safe and it does not spread," he told The Associated Press, noting it was just in a single chiefdom so far.

Ebola is rampant in the rest of the country, with 425 new cases just in the last week and a health care system that is struggling to deal with the onslaught of the disease. The World Health Organization said there have been more than 3,000 infections in Sierra Leone with nearly 1,200 deaths.

Last week, the Koinadugu district's health team received word of people dying in the village of Fakonya, some 60 miles over very rough terrain from the town of district center of Kabala, said Abdul Sesay, a local health official.

Some 15 people had died and then two of the six samples tested came back as positive for the virus the deaths had originally been attributed to witchcraft, according to Sesay.

The town has now been isolated and nearby communities have been put under observation.

Momoh Konte, a businessman born in the district and educated in the United States who has been very active in protecting Koinadugu, told local press Thursday that the dead and their homes would be cremated to protect the living.

Under the system put in place by Konte and Caulker, movement in and out of the district was through a strict pass system and protective equipment and chlorine were brought in to stem the transmission of the disease.

The deadly Ebola virus is transmitted by bodily fluids and has hit hardest in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea.

Koinadugu survived infection free for so long in part because it cut itself off from infected areas, but the affected countries have been begging their neighbors and the international community to maintain ties and help them fight the disease, amid increased discussions of cutting off all contact.

Planes can't fly to the affected countries because they are afraid they will be refused landing elsewhere, said the African Union chair Nkosazana Zuma on Thursday and airlines that wanted to restart service couldn't.

Currently only Moroccan airlines and Brussels Air fly to all three countries.

Sierra Leone's Finance Minister Kaifalah Marah on Thursday warned that border closures and cutting flights were "killing our economies," describing the isolation as a de facto economic embargo.

Sierra Leone had growth rates of 9 percent before the outbreak.

"It's critically important that these countries stay connected to the rest of the world, part of the reason for making this trip is that if you take the proper precautions, it is safe to travel and work here," U.S. Agency for Development director Rajiv Shah told AP during his trip through Sierra Leone Wednesday.

Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma said that Ebola is killing more youth than any other age group. Koroma spoke via a satellite link to the World Food Prize Foundation symposium in Des Moines, Iowa Thursday.

He said many of the youth who work on farms are instrumental in economic growth, and since Ebola is striking the youth population "gains have been reversed, the economy is slowing down and nurses, the overwhelming majority of whom are youth, are dying."

Koroma says the international community is helping but the country must "sprint very fast to get ahead of the virus and stop it."

International agencies and countries are trying to boost the capacity of the countries to fight the disease where overstretched health care systems and minimal sanitation have allowed transmission to rage almost unchecked.

Shah, who announced an additional $142 million in projects and grants to battle the outbreak, described the fight against Ebola as a top U.S. priority after meeting the president of Guinea.

There has been investment in new treatment centers and equipment for health care workers but so far, the disease continues to spread in Sierra Leone where the WHO has described rate of transmission in the capital Freetown as "intense." Liberia has also been particularly hard hit.

More than 4,400 people have died from the disease so far, according to WHO.


Schemm reported from Rabat. Associated Press reporters Boubacar Diallo from Conakry, Guinea; Elias Meseret in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; and David Pitt in Des Moines, Iowa contributed to this report.


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