Jun 5, 2015 12:46 AM
China rescuers right ship to speed up search for missing
The Associated Press
JIANLI, China (AP) Top-deck cabins poked out of the water from a capsized river cruise ship on the Yangtze on Friday after disaster teams righted the vessel to quicken the search for the more than 340 people who are still missing.
Divers found more bodies as they worked overnight to attach iron chains to the vessel, bringing the total number of bodies found to 97, Transport Ministry spokesman Xu Chengguang said.
The operation to right the Eastern Star started late Thursday and shifted the focus from finding survivors from Monday night's sudden capsizing in a severe storm to retrieving bodies. The boat was righted Friday morning, and the next step was to drain off the water inside before salvaging the ship, while also finding and identifying bodies, Xu told a news conference.
Xu said earlier that the operation involved divers putting bars underneath the ship, which would then be lifted by two 500-ton cranes. A huge net was placed near the cranes and another one a few meters (yards) downstream to catch any bodies.
Two smaller cranes were also on site and boats were stopped from entering the area.
Authorities say 14 people survived the disaster, some by jumping from the ship during the early moments and swimming or drifting ashore. Three of them were pulled by divers from air pockets inside the overturned hull Tuesday after rescuers heard yells for help coming from inside.
In a sign of potential unrest among the hundreds of relatives who have descended on the small county of Jianli near the accident site, one distraught relative burst into a gathering of journalists to complain about the treatment of relatives and demand an investigation into possible human error.
"All the emphasis is on a natural disaster ... but we think that this is unjust," said Xia Yunchen, a 70-year-old university lecturer. "Apart from natural disaster were there other causes? Is this not rational to ask?"
Xia, whose older brother Xia Qinchen, from the eastern coastal city of Qingdao, was a passenger, demanded that relatives be allowed to view their loved ones' bodies before they are cremated. In past disasters, authorities have cremated bodies and delivered ashes to the victims' families without letting them see them, in keeping with the tight management of the aftermath of natural disasters and fears of spiraling unrest.
"Why do you view the common people as your enemies?" Xia cried out. "There's no human feeling, can't we change this habit?"
Many of the more than 450 people on board the multi-decked, 251-foot (77-meter) -long Eastern Star were reported to be retirees taking in the scenic vistas of the Yangtze on a cruise from Nanjing to the southwestern city of Chongqing.
The capsize of the Eastern Star will likely become the country's deadliest boat disaster in seven decades, and Chinese authorities have launched a high-profile response that has included sending Premier Li Keqiang to the accident site, while tightly controlling media coverage.
The Communist Party's Politburo Standing Committee, the country's highest power, convened a meeting and issued a directive for officials to step up efforts to control public opinion about the disaster response, while ordering them to both "understand the sorrow of the families" and "concretely preserve social stability."
The survivors included the ship's captain and chief engineer, both of whom have been taken into police custody. Some relatives have questioned whether the captain should have brought the ship ashore at the first sign of a storm, and whether everything possible was done to ensure the safety of the passengers after the accident. They have demanded help from officials in Nanjing and Shanghai to travel to the site in unruly scenes that have drawn a heavy police response.
Records show the capsized ship was cited for safety violations during a safety inspection campaign in 2013, according to a report on Nanjing's Maritime Safety website, which didn't specify the violations.
The shallow-draft boat, which was not designed to withstand winds as heavy as an ocean-going vessel can, overturned in what Chinese weather authorities have called a cyclone with winds up to 130 kilometers (80 miles) per hour. The sudden capsizing meant many passengers were unable to grab life jackets, Zhong Shoudao, president of the Chongqing Boat Design Institute, said Wednesday.
Access to the accident site was blocked by police and paramilitary troops stationed along the Yangtze embankment.
China's deadliest maritime disaster in recent decades was when the Dashun ferry caught fire and capsized off Shandong province in November 1999, killing about 280.
The Eastern Star disaster could become China's deadliest boat accident since the sinking of the SS Kiangya off Shanghai in 1948, which is believed to have killed anywhere from 2,750 to nearly 4,000 people.
Associated Press writer Louise Watt and news assistant Yu Bing in Beijing, and video journalist Helene Franchineau in Jianli, China, contributed to this report.